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Panda Owl Land
 Giant Panda
Class: Mammalia (Mammals)
Order: Carnivora
Family: Ursidae                       
Genus: Ailuropoda
Species: Melanoleuca
Scientific Name: Ailuropoda melanoleuca;                           “Black and white cat-footed animal”                            
Chinese Name: Daxiongmao; “large bear cat.”
Height: 2 ½ to 3 feet
Length: 5 ¼ to 6 feet
Weight: 220 to 250 pounds
Skeletal Structure: Unusually thick and heavy bones, enlarged shoulder and neck, small back end,  can not stand up on back legs like most bears
Tail: 6 inches
Sagittal Crest; Large, wide, deep
Teeth: Molars, premolars are wide and flat.  Extensive ridges and cusps developed to grind tough bamboo
Digestive System: Tough throat and esophageal lining; Stomach walls extremely muscular, covered with a thick  layer of mucus to protect against splinters; Enlarged colon surface, Short intestines  unable digest cellulose therefore only 20% of nutrients absorbed, excrete up to 88 pounds per day

Claw; five short claws, used for climbing                          
Sole; Padded with hair , for traction, reduce heat loss in snow and ice.                          
Pseudothumb; A sixth long wrist bone, opens and closes similar to an opposable thumb, covered with a toe pad .
Gait: Heel to toe, rolling   
Eyes: Pupils; Vertical slits, very good eyesight
Thick, coarse, oily, woolly; white, black, chestnut-red tinge colors for camouflage and to intimidate other animals.
Diet: Bamboo stems and shoots, fruits like kiwi, small mammals, fish, insects; must eat 14 hours a day            
Communication: Scent; Acidic-smelling substance, secreted by glands surrounding the ano-genital area unique to each panda, rubbed on tree trunks and stones; Urine; Feces; Scratches on trees.  Vocalizations; 11 distinct calls, Chirp, Growl, Bleat, Roar, Honk;  
Life span: Unknown in the wild, 14 to 20 years in captivity
Behavior: Thought to be solitary but reachers are finding pandas living in groups of 2 - 28; Territorial; Moves to lower altitudes instead of hibernating; Do not build permanent dens; Terrestrial; Good climbers; Capable of swimming; Active at twilight and night; An aggressive panda, bobs its head and displays both its eyes and ears, a submissive panda will turn its head to the side or cover its eyes with its paws; Playful

The Animal Planet has a wonderful short video on Pandas which includes some of the sounds made by a Panda.   It takes a while to load but well worth the wait.    Animal Planet  Meet the Pandas
Panda Owl Land   Panowl    Giant Panda   Giant Panda Pictures

Panda Reproduction   Baby Giant Panda Pictures   Sixteen baby pandas

Earthquake in China   Red Panda  

Owl  Friendship   Native Americans   Tags by Panowl